Types of fabrics

The
Acrylic: It is a wool-like synthetic fabric, soft and with little absorption.
Used in sports clothes and knitwear.

Alpaca:
Light fiber with soft glow. In general, it appears mixed with wool for tailoring and knitting.

Used in suits, blazers and knits.

Linens
Cotton fabric linens on one or both sides, very absorbent.

Ideal for the production of bath towels, beach outings, comfortable clothes and for baby clothes.

 

B
Baptist: Cotton or synthetic fiber fabric in Tecedura Lisa. It’s light, thin and transparent.
Used in blouses, lingeries, linings and scarves.
Bouclê: pure or mixed wool fabric, of coiled yarn, of irregular and rough surface.
Used in women’s clothing and knitting.
Buclê: made in wool or other heavy fabric. The plot resembles the hairs of a poodle.
Used in the making of coats.

 

C
Cambrai: cotton fabric or synthetic fibers, thin, lightweight and transparent. They can be printed or in color and are usually used in children’s clothing and summer dresses.
Challis: wool fabric, ray, pure or mixed cotton; Light, smooth and smooth. Traditionally stamped in dark backgrounds with floral designs or colored embossed.
Worn in dresses and sleeping clothes.
Robe: cotton pure or mixed cotton with polyester, polyester beam with dyed and white yarn.
Used in uniforms, sporting clothes, pajamas and shirts.
Chamois: Soft yellow leather, brush and with slightly soft texture. This fabric usually has a smooth and similar texture surface effect.
Used in cloths for polishing and lining coats.
Leather: Various types of leather are suitable for making coats, jackets and skirts. You usually buy the whole piece and not treated. There are many types of leather and below follows a list of the most used.

Full Grain:

also known as full flower is one of the most traditional and is usually available in fashionable colors.
suede:

It gives good results even without tailoring details and is available in fashion or embossed colors.
heavy riding leather:

widely used in handbags, belts and wallets.
fake leather: Imitation sold by Metro, and has a multitude of finishes, such as Suede and chamois. Used in custom coats and jackets.

 

D
Damascus: This fabric receives the name of the city of Damascus, in which the Chinese silks arrived by the trade routes. This is a firm, Jacquard-type material. Some are also manufactured with linen fibers, cotton or blends.
Very used in coatings of furnitures and tablecloths.

Drill: strong and twill fabric. Only one color cotton, similar to Denim. Common in work clothes and uniforms.

Dupioni: also known as Doupin, is widely used in the preparation of formal and wedding clothes. This fabric is a glossy silk with flamê effect and warp fibres stretched from Cocoons folded. There are versions of synthetic fibers.

 

And
Spandex: better known as LYCRA. This is an elastic synthetic fiber found in several fabrics, which even in small percentages – from 1% to 5% – increase comfort when using the piece.
It appears more often in swimwear and lingerie.

 

F
Faille: closed weft fabric made of silk, cotton, wool or synthetic fibres with flattened transverse ribbed.
Worn in formal clothes and for the night.

felt: TNT (non-woven fabric) made of wool fibers, skin or by combined heat, humidity and mechanical action. More and more felt is manufactured with melted acrylic fibers. Used in toys, vests, jackets.

Fleece: Thick wool carded fabric and sometimes with added nylon and luxurious hair fibers. Used in coats.

Foulard: lightweight or light weight twill, usually of ray or silk. Used in ties and scarves.

Fustão: semitransparent and is usually cotton. There are currently exemplars that are manufactured in synthetic fibers. It has stripes in the direction of the length, lists, chess or small stamped patterns.
Applied in dresses and curtains.

 

G

Raincoat: twill, strong fabric, with rigid finish, of medium to heavy weight, composed of different fibers or mixtures. Common in raincoats, sporting clothes and trousers.

gauze: thin fabric, semitransparent, open weft, made of many different fibers.
Worn in summer clothes, bandages and drapes.

ging: fine woven, smooth, originally made of cotton, found also in mixtures. Red wires are screwed up in chess patterns or lists. Worn in dresses, blouses and children’s clothing.

grosgrain: Heavy fluted, strips made of ray or Urdidas silk on tight cotton strings.
Used in adornments and straps.

 

H

Honan: also known as ponjê, this smooth and lightweight silk weave fabric, with slightly flamê effect in both directions, is usually dyed.
Common in blouses and dresses.

 

I

Ikat: Procedure in which the warped yarn of a tissue is dyed or stamped. Formerly it was known as Chine, a reference to the Chinese origin of the procedure. worn in dresses.

 

J

Jacquard: fabric or mesh of intricate pattern, in general, with a superfíie in relief.
Used in damask clothes, curtains and formal attire.

Jersey: genetic term for flat fabrics in mesh yarn. It has great elasticity in the transverse and is made of cotton, synthetics or mixtures.
Applied in T-shirts.

 

K

Kersey: compact wool fabric, closed weft, twisted, twill or ribbed, with a thin fluff.
Available in plain colors, it is quite common in work clothes and uniforms.

 

L

 

Wool: Fiber produced from Tosa of domesticated sheep, are usually hot and resistant. The nominees as “pure wool” in the USA and Canada have 1005 of virgin wool. Those who receive the label “Mixed wool” contain at least 55% of that fibre mixed with another.

Mohair Wool: Glossy Angora goat fiber and can be smooth or curly. The tissues that contain mohair usually have a mixture with wool. Used in coats, suits and shawls.

lamé: any weft or knitted fabric with metallic wire to give both the pattern and the background a brilliant effect. It can also be embroidered with metallic line.
Worn in evening and formal attire.

 

M

 

Madras: light cotton fabric or cotton blend, soft, multicolored, traditional in India, your homeland.
Used in shirts and shorts.

Double mesh: mesh fabric with two identical sides. It has excellent density and good recovery.
Used in men’s and women’s sporting clothes.

interlock Mesh: Fine-knit fabric, stable, used before only in undergarments. It is now also used in the making of casual clothes. Available in smooth colors.

Matelasse: luxurious fabric, often in jacquard weft, with embossed design giving a wrinkled effect. Sometimes it contains metallic lines in the plot.
Used in costumes for the night and upholstery.

Moire: Also known as wet silk (chamalote), it is silk fabric like taffeta or faile and processed through hot cylinders, to introduce a hot surface effect.
Used in costumes for the evening and bridal gowns.

velvety sweatshirt: thick, heavy, carded and groomed fabric to produce a suede finish. It tends to shrink, but it’s long-lasting.
Worn in trousers and work clothes.

 

N

Nylon: The term has already been trademarked, however, today is commonly used to designate the toughest fiber there is. Although it is quite durable, this fabric is not absorbent and therefore can be uncomfortable and very hot in daily use. Usually nylon is mixed with other fibers in order to increase absorption capacity and increase the durability of other wires when mixed to it.

Nanzuque: flat, thin, soft cotton or a mixture of cotton with the Cambrai or linen.
Used in scarves and baby clothes.

 

The

organdy: fine weft, loose and semitransparent of pure or mixed cotton. It has rough finish and is very used in curtains, blouses and costumes for the evening.
Organza: Pure silk organdy wrinkled with glitter. Made also of polyester, the organza is used in bridal gowns and costumes for the evening.
Ottoman: Heavy fabric with transverse stripes of different widths, originally made of chamalotada silk and wool weft. This fabric has already been on high for party clothes, however, it is currently more used for coats, suits, costumes and upholstery.

Oxford:
Cotton or mixed fabric, interwoven and commonly used for men’s shirts.

 

P

Paina: This fabric consists of a fluffy fiber from the homonymous tree pod, used to fill pillows and toys. The Paina has been replaced by synthetic fillers.

Panama: fabric in basket structure. It is usually produced from polyester and cotton with untwisted yarn arranged in the weft. Used for hand embroidery.

Peau of Soie: This fabric is also known as “Peach Skin”. It is a heavy and smooth satin plot, it has soft brightness. It can come mixed to polyester and is usually employed in the making of bridal gowns and costumes for the evening.

Camel skin: classified for cataloging purposes as wool. It is light and usually in twill fabric, coming from the inner and soft layer of the camel. Today it is mixed with other fibers like The wool.
Used in coats and jackets.

feathers: rooster Feathers, Marabou, ostrich are available in various colors. They are usually sewn on 12 mm tape or fastened by overlocks in string. Usually used to adorn coats, formal clothes or costumes.

percale: smooth, thin and lightweight fabric with smooth finish. Usually produced from pure cotton or mixed with polyester. Stamped or slick is often used in sheets.

Pied-de-poule (checkered fabric): This fabric is made from a small combination of the twill fabric and color patterns formed in its tessitura.
Used in suits, trousers and jackets.

Pike: fabric made of pure or mixed cotton that has weft made in Dobby loom. It has small geometric patterns protruding. Used, generally, in the making of sporting clothes.

Plumetis: This is a fine woven and semitransparent made from cotton or with cotton yarn mixtures. Quite common in children’s clothing.

Plush: This is a thick fabric, with fluff-larger and more open than velvet-obtained through the warp of silk, wool, radius or mohair. Used in the production of coats.

polyester: synthetic fiber made from petroleum derivatives. It has quite wide use that goes from imitation of silk to mixing with other wires. The technology is attenuating one of the main problems of this fabric: a little absorption.

Ponjê: This fabric is made from smooth and lightweight weft, with slightly flamê effect. Common in blouses and dresses.

 

R

Rayon: This is a lightweight, inexpensive and fast-drying fabric made of cellulose and quite used in the making of blouses, dresses and linings. In the market, there are different types of rays:

-Cupramônio: produced from a procedure that allows the creation of filaments of fine fibers. It is a thinner and lighter fabric than the viscose ray, for example.
-viscose: This fabric is manufactured within a more common process and has low resistance.
-Ray Polinósico: It is sturdier and suffers less with shrinkage. Made from a process developed more recently than the Viscose Ray.

Ratina: This fabric has a linens yarn made of various fibers and is usually used in dresses.

Income: It usually has floral or spiral designs and is produced in a machine without the use of base tissue. They are quite used in finishes and dresses. Just like lightning, it has a vast variety of laces. Below are highlighted some types:

-Gallon of French lace: Quite luxurious, this income has design set with heavy line, usually silk, in a thin and semitransparent network in the contour.
-All-over: It has a standard design, often repeated without contour mesh or garlands.
-Whipped cream: It has elaborate design with fine mesh finish at the edges on both margins. Often used in the making of bridal gowns.
-Ribbon Lace: created by nailing ribbons in floral pattern on a network background. Delicate, you need to be very careful in your handling. Used in wedding dresses and at night.

 

‘s

sari: This fabric has a diversified design and is often made of fine silk or polyester, with gold or silver yarn. The term used to designate this fiber refers to a cut used For women in South Asia.

twill: Soft fabric made of pure wool or mixed in diagonal lines. Common in the confection of suits and uniforms.

Twill Diagonal: strong twill fabric used in the making of trousers for riding and walking, uniforms and skirts.

Scrim: fabric made, usually, of cotton. It has a smooth and open plot and is used in theatrical scenarios, curtains and flags.

Silk: natural fiber obtained from the opening of the cocoons of the silkworm larvae. It is a strong fabric, however, with a delicate and glossy appearance. The silk has been replaced by some synthetic fibers and mixed with other yarns in order to reduce the price or produce a certain effect.

Shetland: sheep’s wool yarn from the Shetland Islands in northern Scotland. Rough, light, warm fabric.

suede: made with cotton weft, silk, synthetic or mixed fibers, this fabric is usually carded to give a suede-like effect. Used in sporting clothes.

 

T

Taffeta: can be made from silk, polyester or acetate. This fabric is of rough weft, without averse and has bright surface.

Corduroy Fabric: robust fabric with fluted and made of various fibers. Used in the making of trousers and coats.

screen: existing in several weights, the screens have open weft geometrically. They are usually produced with nylon and used in the production of party clothes.

Tencel: fiber made from pulp pulp by a different process of lightning. It has characteristics such as good absorption and good resistance. Sometimes he gets a peach-skin finish. Used
in sports clothes.

knitting: fabric produced from nylon, with vertical stretch marks and zigzag. It is resistant to shredded, thin and fuzzy. Employed in the production of Lingeries and linings of summer clothes.

Tulle: This is a thin fabric of silk or nylon and used in the making of bridal gowns or dance costumes.

Tweed: This fabric has hairy surface, characterized by colored flamês yarns. This fiber is sturdy and hot. Some of these fabrics are made of pure wool, other blends or combinations of different fibers. The best known types are:

-Donegal: initially produced by hand in County Donegal, Ireland. Currently, it refers to any tweed with thick and colourful flamês.
-Harris: Hand woven wool yarns in the Hebrides Islands outside Scotland.
-Irish: It differs because of the characteristic white fabric and the colored plot.

 

U

Ultrasuede: This is a luxurious, washable TNT, like suede. This fabric is produced from synthetic fibers obtained by the needle. Used in clothing, finishing and decoration.

 

V

Velvet: pure or synthetic silk fabric, short fluff, soft and glossy texture.
Used in costumes for the evening, curtains and upholstery. Below some of the kinds of this fabric:

Ciselé: made in satin weft and has velvet patterns in fine background and semitransparent. Similar to flocked tissues.
crumpled Velvet: made of short fluff and pressed in one or several directions for a shimmering appearance.
Devorê: It has patterns in thin background and semitransparent, obtained by a corrosive process known as burn-out that chemically dissolves the furry areas after the Tecedura.

Corduroy Velvet: produced in cotton with furry weft, woven and cut to produce vertical stripes. This fabric has stripes of several widths and in different printed or smooth colors. Common in the production of children’s clothing, coats, jackets and trousers.

wool velvet: used in the production of informal and comfortable clothes. This fabric or mesh has short and thick fluff. It possesses glossy velvet appearance and can be found in vivid colors.


Vicuna: soft, light and glossy fabric
produced from reddish-brown wool from vicuna – species of Peruvian llama.
vinyl: fabric resistant or mesh-based coated with vinyl polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which gives the surface aspect Waterproof and sticky. Common in Making of Raincoat, among other parts.

Voile: This fabric has flattened plot, rough, and Cotton semitransparent Pure or mixed. Because it is a light fiber, is most used in production of summer clothes.

 

W

Whipcord: fabric resistant, heavy, made of cotton, wool or synthetic fiber. It has thick weft and twill and is used in the making of uniforms and clothes for riding.

River: produced from a type of wool yarn with carded fibers instead of combed to remove impurities, resulting in soft and warm fabric.
Worn in jackets and sweats.

 

X

Xantungue: smooth weft fabric with flamês yarn, which provides a rough and irregular aspect surface. It is made with silk fibers and used in formal attire.

 

Z

Sable: mixed fabric of silk, is done after a hard work of lusto, straightening and beading. Very common in bridal gowns, parties and couture. The sable is lighter than satin, besides being very sophisticated.

One thought on “Types of fabrics

  1. Micah Lyster

    With thanks! Valuable information!

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